What is monkeypox and is there a treatment for monkeypox?

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 Treatment and prevention of monkeypox

Monkeypox treatment
Monkeypox treatment 

What is monkeypox?

According to what the World Health Organization said, monkeypox is a viral disease and a rapid infection of contact, as it is of animal origin within the smallpox family, and it causes symptoms similar to chickenpox, but they are usually less dangerous, as its spread is slow, but one of the most common symptoms of monkeypox is a high temperature And the appearance of the rash on the surface of the skin develops into vesicles containing fluids and then dry and peel.

Monkeypox was identified for the first time in 1970 in the Congo, and it has witnessed a relatively limited spread, but it is present in west-central Africa. Monkeypox infections are concentrated in tropical and rainy regions, and recently the highest prevalence of monkeypox was in 2017. In Nigeria, according to global health statistics, injuries have reached about 500 cases, including 3% death rate.

Symptoms of monkeypox

Monkeypox treatment
Monkeypox infection virus 

The incubation period for monkeypox virus extends from 7 to 14 days, which is the period between infection and the appearance of side effects of monkeypox infection, and it may reach a period longer than two weeks, and the symptoms of monkeypox are in chronological order:

  • High temperature
  • Strong headache
  • Swollen lymph nodes in the neck and armpits.
  • Decreased movement and energy.
  • They are less general in the body.
  • A rash appears on the face and extremities, and the mucous membranes of the mouth as well as the genitals and conjunctiva of the eye may be affected.
  • The rash turned blisters filled in the form of a yellow liquid in several stages:
  1. Flat٨ rash.
  1. A raised, hard rash.
  1. Vesicles filled with a yellow liquid.
  1. Peels dry and fall off on their own.

Stages of symptoms and signs of monkeypox

The World Health Organization divided the symptoms of monkeypox into two groups:

1-Invasion period: This stage may begin between the first and fifth day of the appearance of symptoms of parenchyma in monkeys, the most common symptoms of which are fever, headache, and lymph node disorders, and it is also characterized by muscle pain and a feeling of loss of energy and activity.

2- Skin eruption: the stage of symptoms may begin with a rash and also be concentrated in the face and extremities, and the rash develops into vesicles that carry liquid inside them, then they dry up and turn into crusts.

Monkeypox treatment
Monkeypox treatment 

Monkeypox treatment and does it have a cure

The only drug authorized for the treatment of monkeypox is (Tecovirimat): it is an antiviral used to treat monkeypox and smallpox. Strategic stockpile of (Tecovirimat) in order to counteract biological attacks based on smallpox viruses.

Monkeypox treatment methods

The World Health Organization indicates basic steps in the treatment of monkeypox as follows:

  • Sympathizing with diseases and limiting their development.
  • The most important thing is to monitor the patient in order to manage the patient's complications, and also to prevent long-term effects.
  • The patient should be compensated with food and fluids in order to maintain a good nutritional state.
  • Secondary infections due to monkeypox infection should be treated.
  • and prompt access to the antiviral monkeypox medication (Tecovirimat).

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